Economic sector: no specific sector
Theme(s): Delivery of WBL, Governance and Management
Educational field and level: Vocational education and training, adult education (ISCED 2 or 3)
Target groups: Policy Makers, Public Employment Services, Careers Guidance and Counseling Services
The example responds to the employment crisis by creating interim jobs for the most threatened groups of citizens by building a framework connected the national VET system and recognising qualifications pursued trough work-based learning.
The public initiative by the Ministry of Labour and the Public Employment Service(PES) targets low-skilled and/or compulsory education drop outs, enabling them to acquire professional competencies trough a combined process of training and employment. Projects are organised at regional level in cooperation with regional stakeholders (PES, companies, training institutions). WBL is provided in alternating practical and theoretical training between 6 months and 3 years based on a contract between the learner, an employer and a training institution. 85% of the time is spent on work-based activities and 15% on theoretical training. Programmes are linked to competence units of professional qualifications and specific programmes are offered to learners who have not completed compulsory secondary education.
Success factors for WBL
Workshop schools, craft centres and employment workshops enable learners to re-enter the learning pathways and reach a recognised level of qualification. Learners are exposed to the reality of work environment, gaining relevant initial work experience, work habits and key competences. Moreover the programme functions, in a country with high youth unemployment, as a substitute for traditional employment and aims to tackle the problem of long-term unemployment for vulnerable groups. The cooperation between a national framework, connected to the national VET system and a variety of relatively independent regional implementation by regional Public Employment Services are considered key elements of success for this case example.
Plan Nacional de Formación e Inserción Profesional (in Spanish language) www.aedipe.es/documentos/focupacional1.doc