Economic Sector: no specific sector
Theme(s): Governance and Management, Partnership
Educational field and level: Vocational education and training (ISCED 3 and 4)
Target groups: Policy Makers, Social Partners, Professional or Sectoral Bodies, Management (Education and Training), Management in the Workplace
The number of enterprises providing work-based learning on the basis of student contracts increased in Hungary. This case example provides insights in the improvement of attractiveness of WBL.
Compulsory practical training in Hungarian IVET takes place either in school workshops or in coordination with external enterprises. The degree of alternance between school-based theoretical training and enterprise-based practical training varies according to the type of programme and is defined by a national curriculum. 91% of learning at enterprises of vocational school students and 36% of secondary vocational schools students is based on individual student contracts between learners and enterprises. The number increased by 600% between 2000 and 2010. Also the number of participating enterprises increased from 1458 in 2004 to 8640 in 2011. The contract provides a legal relationships similar to a traditional work contract, including a monthly allowance and social security coverage for the student and state subsidy and incentives for employers.
Success factors and challenges for WBL
The student contract is the preferred method of acquiring non-transferable, job-specific skills throughout all IVET sectors in Hungary. The increase of company-based work-based learning is mainly due to the legislative facilitation and administrative simplification and a series of efforts to promote this kind of work-based learning among learners, education providers and enterprises. However, there are still obstacles that prevent a even wider participation, including still existing administrative burdens, insufficient amounts of hours assigned to practical training in some curricula, inadequate levels of theoretical preparation of learners and learners absenteeism.
Hungarian National Employment Office – Institute for Adult Education: http://www.nive.hu
National Core Curriculum, Government Regulation 243/2003 as amended by Government Regulation 202/2007. Available at: http://www.nefmi.gov.hu/letolt/kozokt/nat_070926.pdf
ReferNet Hungary (2014): Hungary. VET in Europe – Country Report 2014. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/publications-and-resources/country-reports/hungary-vet-europe-country-report-2014